Recently, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a significant fraction of the world population is in lockdown. Most social and professional activities have migrated to the Internet. This has sparked an unprecedented interest in understanding how computer networks can support and facilitate collaborative music making and playing. Playing music over the network is among the most demanding and challenging Internet applications due to tight timing constraints. Researchers and artists has been exploring this media for more than two decades. This video provides an introduction to networked music performances and it includes a review of existing tools and techniques for synchronous and asynchronous collaboration.
References and recommended readings
Barbosa, Álvaro. “Displaced soundscapes: A survey of network systems for music and sonic art creation.” Leonardo Music Journal (2003): 53-59.
Carôt, Alexander, Ulrich Krämer, and Gerald Schuller. “Network music performance (NMP) in narrow band networks.” In Audio Engineering Society Convention 120. Audio Engineering Society, 2006.
Rottondi, Cristina, Chris Chafe, Claudio Allocchio, and Augusto Sarti. “An overview on networked music performance technologies.” IEEE Access 4 (2016): 8823-8843.
Gabrielli, Leonardo, and Stefano Squartini. “Wireless Networked Music Performance.” In Wireless Networked Music Performance, pp. 53-92. Springer, Singapore, 2016.
Weinberg, Gil. “Interconnected musical networks: Toward a theoretical framework.” Computer Music Journal 29, no. 2 (2005): 23-39.
Clarke, Eric F., and Mark Doffman, eds. Distributed creativity: Collaboration and improvisation in contemporary music. Oxford University Press, 2017.
Tools for synchronous collaboration
Telematic performance format